Where Is Timber Used In Construction: From Beams to Boards

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Experts in Sash Windows Repair & Restoration, Timber Windows & Timber Doors in east midlands

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Sash Windows Refurbish specializes in providing repair and restoration services for wooden windows and doors in the UK, as well as various types of carpentry. During the process of fulfilling orders, we utilize a range of tools and paints, including saws, sprays, primers, resins, and adhesives. With more than 20 years of experience in carpentry, we have tested and used various brands and types of work tools, making us well-equipped to offer helpful advice on selecting the right tools and paints for your needs. Read more ...

Timber has been a fundamental building material for centuries, and its uses in construction continue to evolve with advancements in engineering and sustainable practices. 

This natural resource offers a unique combination of strength, durability, and environmental benefits, making it a preferred choice for a wide range of applications in the construction industry. 

From towering skyscrapers to cosy residential homes, timber finds its place in various forms, contributing to the structural integrity, aesthetic appeal, and sustainability of modern buildings.

Structural Elements

Beams and Columns

Timber’s excellent strength-to-weight ratio makes it an ideal choice for structural components like beams and columns. Engineered timber products, such as glulam (glued laminated timber) and LVL (laminated veneer lumber), offer enhanced strength and stability, allowing for the construction of large and efficient structures. These components are commonly used in commercial buildings, bridges, and residential constructions.

Trusses and Framing

Timber is extensively used in the creation of trusses and framing systems. Its flexibility allows for the design of complex and efficient roof structures, providing both functional and aesthetic benefits. Timber framing is popular in residential construction, offering a cost-effective and sustainable alternative to steel or concrete.

Exterior and Interior Applications

Cladding and Siding

Timber cladding adds a natural and timeless aesthetic to buildings. It serves both decorative and protective purposes, providing insulation and weather resistance. Timber siding is commonly used in residential and commercial projects, enhancing the visual appeal of structures while offering durability and insulation.


Timber is frequently employed in roofing applications, providing support for roofing materials and contributing to the overall structural integrity of the building. Traditional timber roof structures, such as timber trusses and rafters, are popular in various architectural styles.

Flooring and Decking

Hardwood and engineered timber flooring are popular choices for both residential and commercial spaces. Timber decking is widely used for outdoor spaces, creating inviting and durable surfaces. Timber’s warmth and natural beauty make it a sought-after material for interior design.

Sustainable Practices

Renewable Resource

Timber is a renewable resource, provided it is sourced responsibly. Sustainable forestry practices, such as reforestation and responsible harvesting, ensure the long-term availability of timber as a construction material.

Carbon Sequestration

Timber has the unique ability to sequester carbon throughout its lifespan. This makes it an environmentally friendly choice, helping to mitigate the carbon footprint associated with construction materials.

What types of timber are used in construction?

Various types of timber are used in construction, each with its own set of characteristics that make it suitable for different applications. Here are some common types of timber used in construction:

  1. Softwoods:
    • Pine: Pine is widely used in construction due to its affordability and availability. It’s often used for framing, sheathing, and structural components.
    • Spruce: Similar to pine, spruce is used for structural framing and other construction purposes. It is known for its strength and light colour.
  2. Hardwoods:
    • Oak: Oak is a durable and strong hardwood that is often used for flooring, furniture, and decorative elements in construction.
    • Mahogany: Mahogany is valued for its beauty and durability. It’s commonly used for high-end furniture, doors, and decorative finishes.
    • Maple: Maple is a hard and dense wood used for flooring, cabinets, and furniture.
  3. Engineered Wood Products:
    • Plywood: Plywood is made by layering thin sheets of wood veneer, glued together with the grain of each layer perpendicular to the adjacent layer. It is commonly used for sheathing, subflooring, and roofing.
    • Oriented Strand Board (OSB): OSB is made from compressed and glued strands of wood. It is used for sheathing, subflooring, and other structural applications.
    • Glulam (Glued Laminated Timber): Glulam is created by bonding together laminates of timber using adhesives. It is often used for beams and columns.
  4. Tropical Hardwoods:
    • Teak: Teak is known for its natural resistance to decay and insects. It’s commonly used in outdoor construction, such as decking and boat building.
    • Ipe: Ipe is a dense hardwood used for decking and outdoor structures. It is prized for its durability and resistance to decay.
  5. Cedar:
    • Western Red Cedar: This type of cedar is known for its natural resistance to decay and insects. It is commonly used for outdoor applications such as siding, decking, and fencing.
  6. Redwood:
    • California Redwood: Redwood is valued for its natural resistance to decay and insects. It’s often used for outdoor applications like decking, siding, and fencing.

When selecting timber for construction, factors such as strength, durability, resistance to decay and insects, and cost should be considered. 

About the author

Glen Ramsey, who presently holds the positions of customer support and content manager, is a cherished member of the Sash Window Refurbish team. He is in a unique position to provide advice on all questions pertaining to the renovation of historic windows because he has a wealth of experience in all elements of window renovation, dealing with clients regularly and assisting them in choosing the best window-related course of action. He oversees the creation of information for all of our platforms in his capacity as content manager, including web content and other materials. Glen has witnessed the whole gamut of Sash Window Refurbish's window restoration activities, from our work on significant listed Georgian homes to a wide variety of smaller-scale private residential projects.


My technician Andrew replaced all my sash windows that had rotten sills. Accessing the rotten sills was not an easy task. He explained to me what needed to be done in order to fix the problem. He is a great person and I’m happy that he was the one who did the job. He is reliable, tidy, friendly and very professional. I highly recommend him.



I hired Andrew and Alex a while back to repair my damaged sash windows. They were was very considerate and very patient as he did his job. A few days ago, I had another problem with one of my sash lock keys and I called him again to come and fix the problem. I’m very impressed that Liam responded quickly and he not only fixed the problem but he also gave me a spare key. What a great after sales service!

Alan W.


I’m very impressed with the new windows that Andrew installed and also the reconditioning job that he did on other sash windows. The quality of his work is by far more superior than what we got when we hired another company a few years back. We will certainly hire him again if any window work arises

Kelly (Sleaford)


Our decorator referred us to Andrew because some of the work needed a window expert. Andrew together with our decorator did a fantastic job. The work was done efficiently and to the highest standards. Andrew is understanding, committed and very professional. I recommend him without any hesitation.

Steaven Reader


Alex did a great job in fixing windows in our terraced house. The windows were broken, frames damaged and the wood was also rotten. Alex's job was high quality and he did it pretty fast. I was also very impressed that he was considerate of my son’s asthma condition and maintained cleanliness. Top work.



Andrew just recently replaced three sash windows in my Edwardian house. He also repaired and replaced some sills and draught proofed three windows. In addition to that, he also did some carpentry work. What I like the most about Liam is that he did a clean job. He is very professional and always updated me about the timescales and costs. He also did his job with minimal disruptions. I highly recommend him.

Cris M.