Sash Windows Horns: History, Types & Modern View

Call Us Today 07565028004

Welcome to Sash Window Refurbish

Experts in Sash Windows Repair & Restoration, Timber Windows & Timber Doors in east midlands

Why Trust Sash Window Refurbish?

Sash Windows Refurbish specializes in providing repair and restoration services for wooden windows and doors in the UK, as well as various types of carpentry. During the process of fulfilling orders, we utilize a range of tools and paints, including saws, sprays, primers, resins, and adhesives. With more than 20 years of experience in carpentry, we have tested and used various brands and types of work tools, making us well-equipped to offer helpful advice on selecting the right tools and paints for your needs. Read more ...

Sash window horns, also known as sash horns or sash ears, are decorative extensions located at the bottom corners of double-hung sash windows. These features have a rich history dating back to the 17th century, originating in England during the Georgian and Victorian eras.

In the 17th century, the classic double-hung sash window design emerged in England, allowing for better ventilation and natural light in buildings. The sash horns were added to the bottom corners of the window frames to provide additional support and stability to the sashes. These horns prevented the lower sash from being opened too wide, ensuring that the window remained structurally sound.

Read also: Why Use Sash Windows?

As architectural styles evolved, sash windows with decorative horns became popular in Georgian and Victorian buildings. During the Georgian era (1714-1837), windows were often characterized by symmetrical designs and proportioned layouts. Sash horns, with their elegant and ornate appearance, complemented the overall aesthetic of Georgian architecture.

In the Victorian era (1837-1901), sash horns continued to be a prominent feature in windows. Victorian architecture embraced elaborate and decorative elements, and sash horns were no exception. These horns were often intricately carved and embellished, reflecting the elaborate style of the time.

With advancements in window manufacturing and architectural styles changing in the 20th century, the use of sash horns became less common. However, they remain a distinctive feature in historical buildings and period-style architecture, showcasing the craftsmanship and attention to detail of past eras.

Today, sash window horns are still appreciated for their historical significance and aesthetic appeal. They serve as a reminder of traditional architectural styles and continue to be replicated in restoration projects, preserving the charm of historical buildings for generations to come.

Sash Window Horn Types: A Variety of Designs

Over the years, sash horns have evolved, leading to the development of various types and styles. Traditional sash horns are seamlessly integrated into the window’s design, enhancing its visual appeal.

They come in different shapes and sizes, allowing architects and craftsmen to create windows that reflect the architectural styles of different eras.

The Necessity of Sash Horns in Traditional Windows

Sash Window Horns were initially employed in timber sash windows to reinforce the window’s structure by supporting the mortice and tenon joints. They prevented the sashes from opening too wide and getting stuck. During the Victorian era, architects desired larger glass panes and eliminating glazing bars necessitated a new support method, leading to the creation of sash horns.

Careful observation of Victorian-period properties reveals these distinctive features on sash windows. They were crafted in various shapes to align with architectural trends, ranging from simple curves to intricate designs such as ‘s’ shapes, inverted slopes, or combinations of insets and protrusions. Today, these sash horns serve as representative symbols of the Victorian style and are essential elements in the restoration of heritage properties.

Modern Applications of Sash Horns in Contemporary Sash Windows

While sash horns are deeply rooted in tradition, they continue to find relevance in modern architecture. Today, craftsmen and window manufacturers often blend traditional designs with contemporary innovations. Modern sash horns are engineered for efficiency, combining functionality with aesthetic appeal. They provide the classic look of traditional sash windows while incorporating advanced materials and technology for enhanced performance, energy efficiency, and ease of use.

Sash Horn or Joggle: Making the Right Choice

When it comes to choosing between sash horns and joggles, architects and homeowners must consider the specific requirements of the project. Sash horns are ideal for preserving the authentic charm of historical buildings or period-style homes. They maintain the architectural integrity of the structure while ensuring the window functions smoothly and securely. On the other hand, joggles, with their minimalist design, are well-suited for contemporary spaces, offering a sleek and unobtrusive look.


When did horns appear on sash windows?

Horns, which are small decorative projections at the top corners of sash windows, first appeared in the early 18th century. They were initially introduced as a structural element to provide additional support to the window frames.

What are the knobs on sash windows?

The knobs on sash windows are typically called sash lifts or sash pulls. These small handles are attached to the bottom rail of the moving sash and are used to lift or lower the window. Sash lifts are designed for easy operation of the sliding sashes in traditional sash windows.

About the author

Glen Ramsey, who presently holds the positions of customer support and content manager, is a cherished member of the Sash Window Refurbish team. He is in a unique position to provide advice on all questions pertaining to the renovation of historic windows because he has a wealth of experience in all elements of window renovation, dealing with clients regularly and assisting them in choosing the best window-related course of action. He oversees the creation of information for all of our platforms in his capacity as content manager, including web content and other materials. Glen has witnessed the whole gamut of Sash Window Refurbish's window restoration activities, from our work on significant listed Georgian homes to a wide variety of smaller-scale private residential projects.


My technician Andrew replaced all my sash windows that had rotten sills. Accessing the rotten sills was not an easy task. He explained to me what needed to be done in order to fix the problem. He is a great person and I’m happy that he was the one who did the job. He is reliable, tidy, friendly and very professional. I highly recommend him.



I hired Andrew and Alex a while back to repair my damaged sash windows. They were was very considerate and very patient as he did his job. A few days ago, I had another problem with one of my sash lock keys and I called him again to come and fix the problem. I’m very impressed that Liam responded quickly and he not only fixed the problem but he also gave me a spare key. What a great after sales service!

Alan W.


I’m very impressed with the new windows that Andrew installed and also the reconditioning job that he did on other sash windows. The quality of his work is by far more superior than what we got when we hired another company a few years back. We will certainly hire him again if any window work arises

Kelly (Sleaford)


Our decorator referred us to Andrew because some of the work needed a window expert. Andrew together with our decorator did a fantastic job. The work was done efficiently and to the highest standards. Andrew is understanding, committed and very professional. I recommend him without any hesitation.

Steaven Reader


Alex did a great job in fixing windows in our terraced house. The windows were broken, frames damaged and the wood was also rotten. Alex's job was high quality and he did it pretty fast. I was also very impressed that he was considerate of my son’s asthma condition and maintained cleanliness. Top work.



Andrew just recently replaced three sash windows in my Edwardian house. He also repaired and replaced some sills and draught proofed three windows. In addition to that, he also did some carpentry work. What I like the most about Liam is that he did a clean job. He is very professional and always updated me about the timescales and costs. He also did his job with minimal disruptions. I highly recommend him.

Cris M.